Souvenir porcelain mug with the emblem of the 12th SS division Hitlerjugend and the corresponding signature 12 SS-Panzerdivision "Hitlerjugend". The image is black.
At the bottom is the hallmark of the Victoria plant and the logo of the SS troops (Waffen-SS). The plant was founded in 1883 in Carlsbad (Karlovy Vary) by the London company Lazarus & Rosenfeld Ltd. In 1885, it was bought by Franz Schmidt and renamed Porzellanfabrik Victoria Schmidt & Co.
During the Third Reich, the SS organization conducted extensive business and economic activities. It bought and with the consent of the state confiscated various property. Because of this, among people who know the history of the SS well, it's also called "SS", LLC, alluding to the powerful commercial side of its activities. In ceramics, Himmler was the unofficial owner of the Allach (read like "allak") factory, which was founded in 1936 by ceramics master Franz Nagy on his land, together with three co-founders. In subsequent years, this small and young factory acquired (bought) such a large company as Bohemia Ceramic Plants in Neurohlau (Bohemia Keramische Werke AG) and tried to acquire Victoria Porcelain in Altrolau (Victoria-Porzellan AG), however, the deal turned out to be unbearable for the SS. Then Allach simply signed a major contract with Victoria to put dishes in hospitals and SS canteens.
In 1945, the Victoria Plant became part of the Czechoslovak State Concern. It still works. Sources: ru.wikipedia.org, theoldstuff.com and the book "The economic activities of the SS" (Die wirtschaftlichen Unternehmungen der SS) by Enno Georg.
We offer a quality copy for domestic use and, undoubtedly, a good gift for friends! The mug is a decoration of its time and can be used in reenactment, filming and expositions. It weighs approximately 300 g and holds 330 ml of liquid. The diameter is 8 cm, the height is almost 10 cm. The inscriptions are applied by hot decalcification (paint is injected into the surface at high temperature), this is not a cheap stencil. The inscriptions are fixed securely and can be washed in a dishwasher.
At the beginning of 1943, the formation of the SS division from conscripts born in 1926 (age 17 years) was allowed. Previously, for volunteers who entered the SS, there was an age qualification of 23 years. With a shortage of manpower in the SS, by the end of the war there was an opportunity to receive replenishment from combat-ready youths who had received initial training in youth camps and had a concept of discipline and hierarchy, as well as party patriotic education.
According to the competition, the distinguishing mark of the division is established, on which the rune Sovilo (symbol of the Hitler Youth organization) crossed with the master key (sign of the 1st SS division "Leibstandart-SS Adolf Hitler", which arose from the name of its first commander Josef Dietrich (German: Dietrich = master key)).
The division was well-equipped (more than 20 thousand people with 150 tanks) and since June 1944 the division was on the Western Front in Normandy. On the day of the Allied landing in Nomandy on June 6, 1944, from the evening of the same day, it began to participate in hot battles. Leading the retreat through Belgium to Germany was essentially destroyed.
In November 1944, the division was re-formed in Nienburg. It took part in the counterattack in the Ardennes. Then it was transferred to Hungary where it participated in a counterattack against Soviet troops (Balaton operation). After the success of the Red Army in Hungary, hastily retreated towards Austria, where on May 8, 1945, it surrendered to the Americans. Source: ru.wikipedia.org.